“We got rid of tuition fees because we do not want higher education which depends on the wealth of the parents.”—
Gabrielle Heinen-Kjajic, Germany’s minister for science and culture.
Unlike Libertarians and Republicans like Paul Ryan and Mitt Romney who favor “boot strap theory” and advise struggling college students to simply borrow from their wealthy parents to pay for higher education, Germany Just Abolished College Tuition Fees.
The Republican answer for life: “just use your privilege”
And then [Vimes] realized why he was thinking like this.
It was because he wanted there to be conspirators.
It was much better to imagine men in some smoky room somewhere, made mad and cynical by privilege and power, plotting over the brandy.
You had to cling to this sort of image, because if you didn’t then you might have to face the fact that bad things happened because ordinary people, the kind who brushed the dog and told their children bedtime stories, were capable of then going out and doing horrible things to other ordinary people.
It was so much easier to blame it on Them.
It was bleakly depressing to think that They were Us. If it was Them, then nothing was anyone’s fault. If it was Us, what did that make Me? After all, I’m one of Us. I must be. I’ve certainly never thought of myself as one of Them. No-one ever thinks of themselves as one of Them.
We’re always one of Us. It’s Them that do the bad things.
A lot of the time when people talk about women in LotR and they talk about Eowyn they talk about picking up on here as a point of identification because she’s a female character in a book where those are short on the ground. And I never had a problem identifying with male characters at all or really noticed their maleness because it is effective as a default. The thing about Eowyn, and the reason that I’m uncomfortable with her as much as I’m fiercely attached to her (I hate and love Eowyn as I hate and love myself…) is that she doesn’t just exist in that male-dominated context, she explicitly calls attention to its maleness and the way she is limited by being a woman - and I think reading that was the first time I was ever really clearly aware of the idea that being a woman *could* be limiting in a meaningful way (a few points here: 1. I first read LotR when I was seven 2. I had the vague idea up until then that “you can’t play with us, you’re a girl” etc. was kids being stupid and something people grew out of 3. My parents did good re. gendered stuff).
So the part of “All your words are but to say: you are a woman, and your part is in the house. But when the men have died in battle and honour, you have leave to be burned in the house, for the men will need it mo more. But I am of the House of Eorl and not a serving-woman. I can ride and wield blade, and I do not fear either pain or death.” that hit me like a ton of bricks wasn’t
“I can ride and wield blade, and I do not fear either pain or death.” That’s what I’d expect of most of the characters in a book like this - that’s a reasonable set of traits for her as much as it is for e.g. Boromir. What hit me like a ton of bricks as a kid was “All your words are but to say: you are a woman, and your part is in the house. But when the men have died in battle and honour, you have leave to be burned in the house, for the men will need it mo more.” because *I hadn’t consciously clocked that battle and honour were gendered like that
I don’t know how I hadn’t clocked it given how many books I’d read about male knights and male soldiers and so on, but I hadn’t - they were just characters, their maleness wasn’t something I’d noticed as a connecting factor (…seven.). So that passage for me wasn’t ‘look at Eowyn rebelling against restrictive gender roles’ as much as ‘hey, look, there are gender roles. and all those things you fantasize about being you probably wouldn’t be allowed to be even if you lived in those worlds’
See the thing about Eowyn is:
"What do you fear, lady?"
“A cage. To stay behind bars until use and old age accept them, and all chance of doing great deeds is gone beyond recall or desire.”
which is something I can really relate to and which really makes me very attached to her,
but also the same page is what made me aware of the idea that gender could be a cage
that what you could do wasn’t limited by just *your actual capabilities* but also by gendered expectations.
and fuck that
So Eowyn for me is about challenging limits but also about the existence of limits
and I don’t think it’s coincidental that about a year (and several more LotR readthroughs) after my first reading of that is the phase when I was 8 or 9 when I got my mum to cut my hair short and decided I wanted to be a boy and demanded people call me Charlie.
That was a phase that stopped when it became very clear that noone *believed* I was a boy and all it did was call more attention to my gender because what I wanted wasn’t to be a boy, it was not to be a girl: it was to be default setting, to have all the options open. For “You are a woman, and your part is…” *not to apply*
It still really is.
Which is why I get upset when some guy on Facebook tries to tell me that gender isn’t important to talking about Eowyn or that the way she’s portrayed doesn’t say anything about women. Gender is not irrelevant to the character that taught me that *gender is relevant*. I fucking wish gender was irrelevant to Eowyn.
Then maybe it could be irrelevant to me and people could stop acting like “you are a woman, and your part is…” had to apply when I don’t want it to I don’t care what the part is. I don’t want to be given it on the basis that “you are a woman” I DON’T WANT TO BE ONE and I never chose to be one, I just got given the body that’s usually associated.
“First it means that there is no summer slump. Audiences will flock to theaters if the film debuting is something they all want to see. Second, it means that Marvel can do whatever it wants now. So if they choose not to make a female-centric or minority-centric superhero film, it’s because they just don’t want to.”—
Scott Mendelson, writing at Forbes.com about GotG’s financial opening success.
how the hell is kitty pryde "borderline god tier"?
well first off she pretty much instantly beats any technology based hero/villain or any one with cybernetics (i.e. iron man, iron patriot, cable, bushwacker, deathlok)
and beyond that she can kill pretty much anyone she wants in the MCU in a couple different ways first she could just straight up ghost your heart (or brain or any other vital organs) out of your body like she did to Emma Frost (notice how her diamond skin did squat to stop her)
or she could scramble your brains (and I’m pretty sure even people like thanos and apocalypse have some kind of squishy meat brain)
also, while she’s never done it, she could just phase you a mile below the surface of the earth (or even just a wall) and leave you there or easily leave something like a peddle in your brain or heart and there isn’t really anything you can do about it because even if you see her coming from a mile away as long as she’s intangible their’s nothing you can do to stop her, not even psychics can effect her while she’s phasing. seriously kitty pryde’s powers are one of the most under utilizized (and feared) things in the marvel universe
Because I love you fuckers and I want you to be happy. 12 volumes, totaling several thousand pages, of primary sources on revolutionary societies, their publications, and the trials against them in early 1830s France. Downloaded individually from Gallica.bnf.fr and compiled into a ZIP so you don’t have to click all those download links.
(Edit: The sendspace link was down, so I’ve reuploded to Mega and changed the link.)
“A revolution is not a painless march to the gates of freedom and justice. It is a struggle between rage and hope, between the temptation to destroy and the desire to build. Its temperament is desperate. It is a tormented response to the past, to all that has happened, the recalled and unrecalled injustices—for the memory of a revolution reaches much further back than the memory of its protagonists.”—Hisham Matar on Libya: http://nyr.kr/1n7I6mX (via newyorker)
“Lewis noted that he had just been to the current production of Les Misérables, where black actor Kyle Scatliffe plays the role of Enjolras, a nontraditional casting choice that Lewis found moving. ‘A tall, six-foot-two, strapping black man is playing this role that I have never seen a black man play before, and it made me tear up,’ said Lewis. ‘And when he said the words “we will not be slaves again,” without saying it, it just had a double meaning to it.’”—
So long as there shall exist, by reason of law and custom, a social condemnation, which, in the face of civilisation, artificially creates hells on earth, and complicates a destiny that is divine, with human fatality; so long as the three problems of the age—the degradation of man by poverty, the ruin of woman by starvation, and the dwarfing of childhood by physical and spiritual night—are not solved; so long as, in certain regions, social asphyxia shall be possible; in other words, and from a yet more extended point of view, so long as ignorance and misery remain on earth, books like this cannot be useless.
“We have not touched the stars,
nor are we forgiven, which brings us back
to the hero’s shoulders and the
gentleness that comes,
not from the absence of violence,
but despite the abundance of it.”—Richard Siken (via owenselliots)